Sri Lanka is often described as ‘lush’ and ‘green’ – and indeed it is those two very words that often capture the real essence of what makes Sri Lanka truly memorable. The fertile soil of the island boasts a high rate of biodiversity, across different regions, climates and ecosystems.
Sri Lanka’s botanical life is rich and varied - there are 3,210 flowering plants belonging to 1,052 genera, 916 species and 18 genera are endemic to the island. Additionally, all but one of the island’s more than 55 dipterocarps are confined to Sri Lanka and its’ ferns are estimated at about 350 species. Tree species such as Mahogany, Satinwood and Ebony grow in abundance while beautiful, exotic species of orchid, hibiscus and lotus dot the landscape with colour. Sri Lanka is also particularly famous for its spices and herbs – all of which can be found in their natural, original form.
Sri Lanka remains one of the untouched paradises of the modern world. In a time where forests have depleted and natural beauty is a rare gift, Sri Lanka is still plentiful in natural vegetation of all kinds – the Wet Zone houses pristine evergreen rain forests, which give way to emerald green hills, which give way to the dramatic landscapes of the Dry Zone, with its curious shrubbery and wonderful grasslands. Add to this the dark, cool, mysterious wetlands – the marshes and the swamps – and you have sights and sounds that you would travel across the world to see, all on one small island.